The coffee plant requires a well-defined climate,
characterised by relatively high temperatures
and alternating sunshine and rain.
conditions are found in all tropical zones.
prerequisite of cultivation areas is altitude: from
1000 to 2000 metres for Arabica, 200 to 300
metres for Robusta.
Originating in Ethiopia,
coffee was taken to Yemen, then around 1690 to
Ceylon and Java by Dutch merchants working for
the Company of the Indies. In 1720, coffee plants
were shipped to the Americas: Haiti, Mexico,
Venezuela, Santo Domingo, Martinique and
Brazil. Today all countries situated between the
Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
produce coffee, the main ones being: Central
and South America, India and Indonesia
(Arabica); Zaire, the Ivory Coast, Uganda,
Cameroon, Indochina, India and Madagascar